Located in the south of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan province, Daocheng Yading neighbors Muli County is in the southeast, Xiangcheng County and Zhongdian County in the west, and Litang County in the north. It is the most completely preserved and original natural landscape of high mountains and gorges in China and a scenic treasure of the world.
Composed of Mount Gongga and Mount Haizi in the Hengduan Moutains, Daocheng plateau stretches 174 kilometers from north to south, and 63 kilometers from east to west with an area of 7 323 square kilometers. The plateau is scarcely populated with only about 30 000 residents, among which Tibetans account for more than 96%. Besides Tibetans, there are also people of the Han, Naxi, Hui, Yi and other nationalities living here.
Traveling in Daocheng County, you can see four snowy mountains with altitudes above 4,000 m. The first mountain is Mount Jianziwan, which has an altitude of 4,,659 m. Standing on this mountain, you can enjoy the beautiful scenes of thick forests on hillsides and valleys, pastures, and grassland with groups of yaks. Flocks and herds forage or rest freely on the unlimited grassland. The interconnected brooks are surrounded by lofty and grand mountains that rise and fall. The sky is azure and clear. In this kind of heaven, even lying on the grassland without doing anything is a kind of enjoyment. The second mountain is Mount Kazila which has an altitude of 4 718 m. Once here, you can see the distant mountains disappearing into the clouds; your heart will be suddenly enlightened and your fatigue instantly disappears. By crossing over Mount Kazila, you can reach one of the highest Counties in the world – Litang County, which has an altitude of 4 014 m. Looking far off from Mount Gaoersi, you can see Mount Gongga puncturing the sky; the blue sky, the white clouds and the scenes of the jointed mountains shape a beautiful painting.
The third mountain, with an altitude of 4 696 m, is Mount Tuer. The last mountain with an altitude of 5 020 m is Mount Haizi, which stands at the border of Daocheng County and Litang County. It is so named because it has 1 145 lakes and is praised as the “old Ice cap of Daocheng”. The mountain represents the largest remnants of ancient ice bodies on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
The true haizi in Mount Haizi are not the deep lakes with blue waves in high mountains that you might imagine but are lakes with various shapes and depths spreading out in hillock-shaped basins or deflection basins which extend thousands of kilometers. According to research, this special landform was shaped in the fourth ice age. Millions of years ago, the mountain was a large “old ice cap”. With the movement and floating of the glaciers, rocks rubbed with rocks and glaciers and were polished over the long years. When the mountain building strength of earthquakes was added in, rocks flew everywhere and lakes of various shapes appeared. Therefore, Mount Haizi is an importan t place for geologists to study the “old ice cap”.
Besides the large number of Haizi, Mountain Haizi is also characterized by its rocks of various shapes stretching to the horizon. These rocks are one of the landscapes that is captivating and can really take your breath away. Tenacious life exists on the small pieces of land between rocks. On this desolate mountain, you can see short flowers and trees living everywhere. Surviving in the tough environment, they still stand strong. On this piece of land, anywhere you find liquid water you can find a place without being ignored by the nature, with life in abundance. This adds a sense of mystery to Mount Haizi. Mystery is just one of the attractive placesof the Mount Haizi. Just like the pyramids of Egypt, Atlantis, which sank into the sea in one night, the Incan culture and the Loulan in a deep desert of China, Mount Haizi has also left a mysterious and unknown world for people.