Jiuhua Mountain is one of four famous Buddhist Mountains in China and the first batch of key national scenic spots, which lies in the southeast of Qingyang County, Anhui province. It covers 120 square kilometers. Now it is the national 4A level tourist area and the national civilized scenic spot demonstration site, is honored as the international Buddhist road. That is to say, there are 99 peaks and 18 scenic spots. At its peak, the number of temples and huts was 150 and the number of monks and nuns was about 3000 or 40000. The peaks of Jiuhua Mountain stand out, but they are exquisite and beautiful. It is famous because that owes to the poet Li Bai and the eminent monk Jin Qiaojue, excepting its unique and beautiful environments. The original name of Jiuhua Mountain was Jiuzi Mountain, at the time of Tang dynasty. The mountain looked like nine lotuses bestowed by heaven when Li Bai visited this mountain and viewed from a distance. Then he wrote a poem and appraised it, so Jiuhua Mountain became famous worldwide. After, the eminent monk Jin Qiaojue, from Korean Peninsula, came to Jiuhua Mountain to cultivate his Buddhism. It’s said that his boundless merits and virtues attracted thousands of people per day to go to pilgrimage. That is another reason why Jiuhua is famous.
The rich landscapes of Jiuhua Moutain is most famous, the ten sceneries of which were recorded, such as Dawn of Tiantai, Late bell of Huacheng, Yanzuo of Dongya, Trace of Tianzhu, Taoyan waterfall, Lianfeng sea of clouds, Pinggang snow, Shutan Yingyue, Jiuzi spring and Wuxi mountain. In addition, there are many places of interest, such as Longchi waterfall, Bamboo sea of Minyuan, Ganlu Lingxiu, Mokong Buddhist temple, Cluster flowers, Forest of Lion Peak, Qinggou exploration, Yulong cave, Phoenix ancient pine, etc. There is a pleasant climate and beautiful environment, many ancient temples, wreathed smoke and strong Buddhist atmosphere.
There are 99 peaks and 18 landscapes, among which the nine peaks are most magnificent, such as Tiantai, Lianhua, Tianzhu, Shiwang and so on, and more than 30 peaks are 1000 meters above, the main peak of which is altitude of 1342 meters, named Shiwang Peak. The mountains are full of strange peaks and stones and covered with deep gully ravines, and the rivers are full of water and waterfalls, Sounds of bells and drums resound with birds’ singing, and strange pines appear in clouds. So an attractive natural landscape, with churning and spectacular sea of clouds, is a bright pearl in our national cultural heritage. During Tang dynasty, Liu Yuxi was amazed: “the peak of qifeng”. During Song dynasty, Wang Anshi said: “Ten thousands of mountains in Chu and Yue, this mountain with their magnificence and strangeness”. The warm and moist climate and the distinctive seasons have the integration of the natural scenery, humanistic landscape and Buddhist atmosphere, reputed as “First Mountain in the southeast”, and it has been a famous tourist attraction in China since ancient times.
According to research, two hundred million years ago, the location of Jiuhua Mountain was in a vast ocean. Later, Jiuhua Mountain changed into land when the ancient Yangtze sea dried up during a crustal movement called Indosinian movement. After several orogenic movements, the granite body of Jiuhua Mountain rose from the earth’s crust to the surface. Due to the special development of vertical joints of granite, combined with other external forces, such as long-term rain wash and so on, it has formed a granite terrain with steep peaks, heavy mountains and stacked barriers, cliffs and crags, and towering rocks.
In addition, there are many beautiful mountains and waters, such as clear streams, numerous springs, ponds, and waterfalls. There are Longxi, Qixi, Shuxi, Caoxi, Lianxi, Lanxi, jiuzixi and so on, which originate among the peaks of Jiuhua Mountain, meandering and beautiful and flashing in the green trees. There are five dragon waterfalls on Longxi, flying down to the dragon pond and spraying water, which is very spectacular. There are also Zhutan, where torrent is straight down and sprays like Zhuyu everywhere. Shuxi is connected by three waterfalls, they are injecting into the upper, middle and lower ponds, and the cliffs are covered with flying water curtains, such as rolling snow waves. Besides, there is Bitaoyan waterfall, Zhuoying waterfall, Qibuquan waterfall, Baizhangjian waterfall, Baizhangtan waterfall, Baizhangyan waterfall, etc. For the ponds, there is Yinyuan pond, Qingyi pond, Zhuoying pond, Fulong pond, Baizhang pond, Catfish pond, etc. it gives a feel as “Hidden in the mountains and unknown to people, Unforgettable in one day’s exploration”.