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Tianzhushan UNESCO Global Geopark

Tianzhushan UNESCO Global Geopark (hereafter referred to as “the Geopark”) is located in Qianshan City, Anhui Province, in the eastern part of China. It is also called as Qianshan, Wan shan and so on, which is a east part of Dabie Orogenic Belt. Generally speaking, it refers to the mountain areas in Qianshan City with Tianzhu peak as its main peak, and sometimes it also refers to its main peak. Its geographic coordinates are 30°43′N and 116°27′E. Its planned reserve area covers 413.14 km2 with a Tianzhu peak altitude of 1489.8 m. The Geopark presents the natural landscapes such as strange peaks, strange rocks, sillent caves, canyons, etc., which is famous for its masculinity, strangeness, spirituality and beauty. Geologists call it “the most beautiful granite landscape in the East”, while writers call it “Mountain Jungle” and “Stone Palace”.

The Geopark is the key scenic spot and National Forest Park. It is divided into 8 scenic spots and 3 peripheral attractions, where there are 45 peaks, 17 ridges, 18 cliffs, 22 caves, 86 strange stones, 18 waterfalls and 17 springs. Alchemy Lake, wth altitude of 1100 meters, is the third of the lakes formed on high mountains in China; Stone Buffalo and Ancient Cave most heavily concentrated best stone-carved inscriptions; there are 119 families with more than one thousand, and the forest coverage by 95% in the main spot; There are dozens of rare animals. Up to now, tigers and leopards still appear in the mountains and forests.

There are many stone cliffs in the Geopark with different shapes. Springs, waterfalls, streams and ponds are everywhere, which or fly straight down, or gurgle in the forest, or generate the echoes of the mountain valley, or can clearly be seen. There are caves in the dense forests, most of which is Guanyin Cave for thousands of people. Among the crisscross and mysterious canyons, the Mysterious Valley under the flying peak, named “Tianzhu Yijue”, is the most dangerous. There gather 54 caves at the bottom of the valley with different shapes, which are connected with each other. When travelling at narrow places, people need to stoop forward. Beside the valley, there are ancient trees with twigs and strange stones and grass. It looks like a fairyland, fascinating.

The natural landscape of Tianzhu Mountain is amazing. Every peak is strange, every stone is strange, every cave is strange, and every spring is beautiful. Great poets in Tang dynasty, Bai Juyi and Li Bai are respectively appraised it by “The high Tianzhu Peak seems to hold the sun and the moon, and locks the cloud and thunder.” and “He would return back here when he practiced alchemy.” Su Dongpo, poet in Song dynasty, also wrote a poem”I like natural the conditions and social customs in Shuzhou (ancient name of Qianshan), so I want to spend my remaining time here.”, which shows that he wanted to make Tianzhu Mountain as his wish for living for the old, so it reflects its extraordinary charm. It has not only the “One pillar to the sky” full of masculinity, but also 45 peaks that form a tall and straight body; there are not only strange pines and strange rocks, flowing springs and waterfalls, but also canyon and caves, and dangerous ancient villages, as well as the third largest alpine artificial lake in China— ” Alchemy Lake “, which is really dazzling and beautiful.

Travel to Tianzhu Mountain, an walk on the ancient land of Anhui, you can also enjoy the Neolithic civilization more than 5000 years ago in the national key cultural relics protection unit “Xuejiagang Cultural Site”. You can experience their unyielding spirit of resistance in front of the peacock tomb where Jiao Zhongqing and Liu Lanzhi, the heroes of the first long narrative poem “Peacock Flies Southeast”, were buried together. Shu Wangtai, left Wang Anshi’s figure reading by candlelight at night; Yanzhi well reflects two beauties in three kingdoms time, named Da Qiao and Xiao Qiao. Wanjian ancient opera theater, which was built in the early years of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty, has a lingering sound. The stone carvings beside the stone ox ancient cave and the calligraphy left by some literati such as Huang Tingjian are still alive. When going to Jueji Tower and Taiping Tower, you will feel relaxed and happy; when going rafting on a River, you will have endless fun. The spirit of Tianzhu Mountain also breeds artistic elites such as Cheng Changgeng, the founder of Peking Opera, Zhang Henshui, the master of modern popular novel, Xia Juhua, the acrobatic queen, Han zaifen, the new star of Huangmei Opera, and so on.

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