Zhujiajiao belongs to the Qingpu district of Shanghai city, which is located on the west of Shanghai and south-central Qingpu district, and it is near the Dianshan Lake scenic area. To the East is the boundary between Daying and Huancheng, to the west is Dianshan Lake and Daguanyuan scenic area. To the south is Shenxiang town (merged with it in 2001), and to the north is Dianshan Lake Town, Kunshan City, Jiangsu Province. It is 6 kilometers away from Qingpu Town in the East and 48 killometers away from the downtown of Shanghai. National Highway 318 runs through this town. The total area of the town is 136.85 square kilometers (including water area). In 1991, Zhujiajiao was listed as one of the four famous historical and cultural towns in Shanghai. In 2007, it was rated as the third batch of “Chinese historical and cultural towns (villages)”. On Oct.14, 2016, Zhujiajiao Town was rated as the first batch of towns with Chinese characteristics by the Ministry of housing and urban rural development. On May.24, 2018, Zhujiajiao Town was selected as the top 50 of the most beautiful small towns.
“Visit Zhujiajiao without seeing the bridges means that you have not really been to Zhujiajiao at all!” Various ancient stone bridges make the ancient town as one. There are 36 exquisite ancient stone bridges, including Fangsheng bridge with the five hole stone arch, Jiufeng bridge with the three hole stone arch, and Tai’an bridge with the single hole stone arch, were built in the Ming Dynasty, which are still ancient. There are many rivers and harbors in the town, nine long streets extending along the river, and thousands of buildings in Ming and Qing Dynasties standing on the water, showing the characteristics of Jiangnan Water Town. “Live upstairs, run a shop downstairs” is a major feature of the ancient town. More than a thousand buildings of Ming and Qing Dynasties are unique, and more than ten thousand families depend on the rivers.
“The natural scenery has small bridges and flowing water, and the original Street characteristics of Ming and Qing dynasties “. According to records, Zhujiajiao had formed a market in Song and Yuan dynasties, and the town was formally being built in the Wanli period of Ming dynasty. Zhujiajiao, also called Zhujiege, also has an elegant name—“Pear Stream”. Covering an area of 47 square kilometers, the town has a wide range of rivers and harbors, nine long streets extending along the river, and thousands of buildings in Ming and Qing dynasties standing by the water, and 36 stone bridges still have the ancient style. There are the first stone arch—Fangsheng bridge in Shanghai, the North Street with “three li long street and thousands of shops”, the Xi’s hall collecting the building features of rich people in Jiangnan, the memorial hall for Wang Chang, called as Wuzhong Qizi in Qing dynasty, the more ancient “the first teahouse in Jiangnan” and the “boat teahouse” on the water with Jiangnan style, etc.. Old stone streets, deep lanes, arched stone bridges and small boats all reflect the beauty of water, old age of bridge, strangeness of street and quietness of lane in the ancient town. It can be said that “Boat is on the water, people are travelling in the painting”.
The traditional characteristics of Zhujiajiao are: Rose tofu, soy sauce, lead-free preserved eggs, five-color Tangyuan, small steamed bread, roasted soybean, fresh -meat Zongzi, etc. When chrysanthemum crab is fat in the golden autumn, you can taste the delicious crab of Dianshan Lake here. The natural resources of Zhujiajiao Town are mainly concentrated in the area of Dianshan Lake, the only freshwater lake in Shanghai, covering an area of 62.0 square kilometers, of which Qingpu area covers an area of 47.5 square kilometers. In Qingpu area, there are four big fishes: black, grass, silver, and bighead carps, carp; bream, crucian carp, silver carp in Dianshan Lake, and river shrimp, Chinese mitten crab, turtle, snail, yellow clam and mussel. Otherwise, catfish and tilapia introduced from other places have also been bred locally.