Xiao Hong’s former residence, located in Hulan District, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province, is the birthplace of Xiao Hong, a famous left-wing female writer in China. The former residence was built in 1908. Covering an area of 3500 square meters, it is a national 2A tourist attraction. The former residence is a traditional Eight Banner style house in the late Qing Dynasty, with green bricks and tiles and civil structure. It is a typical northern residence with Manchu style. It is now designated as Xiaohong Memorial Hall and designated as a provincial cultural relic protection unit in 1986.
Xiao Hong is famous in the literary world at home and abroad for her novel Biography of Hulan River, which reflects the folk customs in northern China. From the former residence, we can not only explore Xiao Hong’s growth environment and life track, but also appreciate the northern people’s lifestyle and customs in the 1930s. It is an important place to study and study modern Chinese literature. Although Xiao Hong has only a short life of 31 years, she has left a number of excellent works, such as “Life and Death Field”, “Biography of Hulan River”, “Mabole” and so on. Many of them have been translated into English, French, Russian, Japanese, Korean and other languages, which has become a hot topic for scholars at home and abroad, and is praised as a unique symbol of Heilongjiang regional culture.
Xiao Hong’s former residence has won the general praise of visitors for its simple and elegant new appearance and constantly enriched “exhibition in memory of Xiao Hong”. Since the opening of the Dragon Boat Festival in 1986, Xiao Hong’s former residence has received tens of thousands of Chinese and foreign tourists, including 15 countries’ visitors from international friends alone. It has become a window of civilization for cultural exchange in northern China, and a cultural holy land for experts and scholars at home and abroad as well as literary lovers. Xiaohong’s former residence is a typical northern rural architecture, which retains the style of Manchu residential architecture. On the doors and windows, the windows are open from top to bottom, with a lattice pattern. A piece of glass is inlaid in the middle, and the window paper unique to the north is pasted around. In the middle of the door, the “Suzhou gate” is the product of Jiangnan Water Town. The back door of the room is a traditional panel door in the north. Indoor is the living Kang of northerners. Another characteristic of Manchu dwellings is the chimney parallel to the main house, made of green bricks, built by four sections, 7 meters high, connected with the Kang in the house. The connected part is commonly known as chimney bridge.
Xiaohong’s former residence has an original area of 7125 square meters, and now covers an area of 4181 square meters. The building structure of the former residence is: green brick, green tile and civil structure. The former residence is divided into East and West courtyards. The east courtyard is used by Xiao Hong’s own home. The gate opens to the south. There are 30 houses in the two courtyards, 8 in the east courtyard and 22 in the West courtyard. After the five rooms in the east courtyard, there is a garden of nearly 2000 square meters, which is the garden Xiao Hong said in her novel.
The West courtyard is rented to the householder. On the East and West Mountains of the five main rooms in the east courtyard, there are four thin wind boards with 4 meters in length. On the wind boards, there are relief patterns of clouds, flowers and intestines. There are four regular big characters “Ji”, “Xiang”, “Ru” and “Yi” written in regular script on the outside of the building. There is a 2-meter-high statue of Xiaohong in white marble in the courtyard, and there is a grinding room on the west side of the back garden.